RAPID: Political Party Organization and Women's Empowerment in Ghana
Women are under-represented in political parties in many new democracies, in part because of social norms that inhibit women from becoming active in local politics. What are the effects of reducing the gender gap in grassroots participation? This project addresses this question by conducting two large-scale surveys to evaluate the short- and long-run effects of a community civic education program designed to encourage women's political participation before the December 2016 elections in Ghana. The civic education treatment takes the form of a large community meeting held by Ghana's National Commission for Civic Education (NCCE), an independent, non-partisan government agency that regularly engages in similar activities, and addresses social norms against the participation of women in political parties and encourages greater women's participation. The meetings are randomly assigned as part of a field experiment with an encouragement design to estimate the effects of increased women's political participation on (a) political party strategies, including mobilization and outreach to women before the election; (b) the subsequent economic welfare of women; and (c) social norms about the participation of women in politics and local leadership.
- Nahomi Ichino
2017-08-01 - 2019-07-31