Dr. Almirall develops methods used to form adaptive interventions, also known as dynamic treatment regimens. Adaptive interventions can be used to inform individualized treatment guidelines for the on-going management of chronic illnesses or disorders such as anxiety, depression, autism, diabetes, obesity, or HIV/AIDS. Dr. Almirall works primarily on methods related to the design, execution, and analysis of sequential multiple assignment randomized trials (SMARTs). SMARTs give rise to high-quality data that can be used to build and optimize ATSs. He is also interested in the development of methods for causal inference using longitudinal intervention data in which treatments, covariates, and outcomes are all time-varying. A specific interest in this area has been the development of methods for examining time-varying effect moderation.
- Stephanie Marita Carpenter, Jamie Roslyn Yap, Megan E Patrick, Nicole Morrell, John Dziak, Daniel Almirall, Carolyn Yoon, Inbal Nahum-Shani. 2023. Self-relevant appeals to engage in self-monitoring of alcohol use: A microrandomized trial. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 37(3):434-446.
- Steven S. Fu, Alexander J. Rothman, David M. Vock, Bruce R. Lindgren, Daniel Almirall, Abbie Begnaud, Anne C. Melzer, Kelsey L. Schertz, Mariah Branson, David Haynes, Patrick Hammett, Anne M. Joseph. 2023. Tobacco Cessation Treatment in Lung Cancer Screening. JAMA Network Open 6(8):e2329903.
- John J. Dziak, Daniel Almirall, Walter Dempsey, Catherine Stanger, Inbal Nahum-Shani. 2023. SMART Binary: New Sample Size Planning Resources for SMART Studies with Binary Outcome Measurements. Multivariate Behavioral Research
- Kelley M. Kidwell, Daniel Almirall. 2023. Sequential, Multiple Assignment, Randomized Trial Designs. JAMA 329(4):336-337.
- Amy Kilbourne, Matthew Chinman, Shari Rogal, Daniel Almirall. 2023. Adaptive Designs in Implementation Science and Practice: Their Promise and the Need for Greater Understanding and Improved Communication. Annual Reviews 45
- Cheng, Hannah, McGovern, Mark P., Hélène Chokron Garneau, Hurley, Brian, Fisher, Tammy, Copeland, Meaghan, Almirall,Daniel. 2022. Expanding access to medications for opioid use disorder in primary care clinics: an evaluation of common implementation strategies and outcomes. Implementation Science Communications 3(1):1-18.
- Brown, C. Hendricks, Hedeker, Donald, Gibbons, Robert D., Duan, Naihua, Daniel Almirall, Gallo, Carlos, Burnett-Zeigler, Inger, Prado, Guillermo, Young, Sean D., Valido, Alberto, Wyman, Peter A.. 2022. Accounting for Context in Randomized Trials after Assignment. Prevention Science 23:1321-1332.
- Nina Zhou, Lu Wang, Daniel Almirall. 2022. Estimating tree-based dynamic treatment regimes using observational data with restricted treatment sequences. Biometrics 79(3):2260-2271.
- Swindle, Taren, Rutledge, Julie M., Selig, James P., Painter, Jacob, Zhang, Dong, Martin, Janna, Johnson, Susan L., Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne, Almirall,Daniel, Barnett-McElwee, Tracey, Curran, Geoff M.. 2022. Obesity prevention practices in early care and education settings: an adaptive implementation trial. Implementation Science 17:Article 25.
- Connie Kasari, Stephanie Shire, Wendy Shih, Almirall, Daniel. 2021. Getting SMART About Social Skills Interventions for Students With ASD in Inclusive Classrooms. Exceptional Children