Throughout my career as a psychologist, I have investigated the role of culture in modifying, shaping, and even sometimes forming a variety of psychological processes including cognition, emotion, and motivation. In this work, the independence/interdependence theory of culture and self has been instrumental both as a heuristic device for generating new hypotheses and as an overarching theoretical frame within which to integrate diverse empirical findings. In more recent work, I have tried to expand this work by 1) looking specifically at origins of cultural variations, 2) expanding data base to non-student adult populations, and 3) beginning to explore underlying brain processes. I am hopeful that by pursuing these avenues of research, it will be possible to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of how culture and the human mind influence each other, and how culture influences the mind in such a way that culture becomes an integral element of the mind itself. I believe that this work has the potential of overcoming the traditional dichotomy between culture and nature a dichotomy that has plagued the field of social and behavioral sciences for a long time.
- Salvador, Cristina E., Idrovo Carlier, Sandra, Ishii, Keiko, Torres Castillo, Carolina, Nanakdewa, Kevin, San Martin, Alvaro, Savani, Krishna, Shinobu Kitayama. 2023. Emotionally expressive interdependence in Latin America: Triangulating through a comparison of three cultural zones. Emotion
- Shinobu Kitayama, Salvador, Cristina E., Josh Ackerman. 2023. The germ aversion paradox: When germ aversion predicts reduced alpha power suppression to norm violations. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology 5:100150.
- Shinobu Kitayama, Salvador, Cristina E., Josh Ackerman. 2023. The Germ Aversion Paradox: When Germ Aversion Predicts Reduced Alpha Power Suppression to Norm Violations. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology 5:100150.
- Qinggang Yu, Stacey M Schaefer, Richard J Davidson, Shinobu Kitayama. 2023. Behavioral adjustment moderates the effect of neuroticism on brain volume relative to intracranial volume. Journal of personality
- Shinobu Kitayama, Amelie Rossmaier. 2023. Cultural evolution needed to complete the Grossmann theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e67.
- Jiyoung Park, Shinobu Kitayama, Yuri Miyamoto. 2023. When High Subjective Social Status Becomes a Burden: A Japan-U.S. Comparison of Biological Health Markers. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
- Vishkin, Allon, Shinobu Kitayama, Berg, Martha K, Diener, Ed, Gross-Manos, Daphna, Ben-Arieh, Asher, Tamir, Maya. 2023. Adherence to emotion norms is greater in individualist cultures than in collectivist cultures. 124(6):1256-1276.
- Kitayama,Shinobu. 2022. Seeking the Middle Way: An Exploration of Culture, Mind, and the Brain. Pillars of Social Psychology: Stories and Retrospectives :421-431.
- Kitayama,Shinobu, Nicholas P. Camp, Cristina E. Salvador. 2022. Culture and the COVID-19 Pandemic: Multiple Mechanisms and Policy Implications. Social Issues and Policy Review 16(1):164-211.
- Kitayama, Shinobu, Cohen, Dov . 2019. Cultural Neuroscience. Handbook of Cultural Psychology, Second Edition