Martha J. Bailey
Research Professor, PSC
Martha Bailey received her B.A. in Economics, Mathematics, and German Literature from Agnes Scott College and her Ph.D. in Economics from Vanderbilt University. Prior to joining the University of Michigan economics faculty, she was a scholar in the Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Program. Dr. Bailey is now a Professor of Economics and a Research Professor with the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research (ISR). She is also a Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Bailey is currently an editor at the Journal of Labor Economics and on the editorial
board at American Economic Review and the Journal of Economic Literature. Dr. Bailey has been elected to the American Economic Association's Executive Committee and the Society of Labor Economics Board.
Bailey's research focuses on issues in labor economics, demography, and health in the United States within the long-run perspective of economic history. Her work has examined the implications of the diffusion of modern contraception for women's childbearing, career decisions, and compensation as well as the shorter and longer- term effects of Great Society programs, including a co-edited book entitled The Legacies of the War on Poverty. Recent work is constructing the LIFE-M database, a revolutionary collection of records that will allow the study of inequality over the 20th century. Her research has won the IZA Prize for the Best Young Labor Economist, the Arthur H. Cole Prize for the best article in the Journal of Economic History, and the CESifo Distinguished Research Affiliate Award for Best Paper by an Economist under 35.
Bailey's work has recently appeared in the American Economic Review and Quarterly Journal of Economics and has been funded by the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, Ford Foundation, and the Russell Sage Foundation. Bailey has also won several college-level awards for outstanding teaching.
- Multigenerational Longitudinal Panel for Aging Research. (Martha J. Bailey) 2018-2023. NIA.
- RUI Collaborative Research: Measuring the Long-Term Effects of California's 2004 Paid Family Leave Statute with U.S. Tax Data. (Martha J. Bailey) 2018-2020. NSF.
- Longitudinal and Intergenerational Determinants of Aging and Mortality. (Martha J. Bailey) 2018-2020. NIA.
- How Does Automated Record Linkage Affect Inferences about Population Health?. (Martha J. Bailey, Eytan Adar) 2017-2019. NIA.
- M-CARES The Michigan Contraceptive Access, Research, and Evaluation Study. (Martha J. Bailey, Jennifer S. Barber, Vanessa K. Dalton, Daniel Eisenberg, Alfia Karimova) 2017-2023. Laura and John Arnold Foundation.
- Planning Grant for LARC (Long Acting Reversible Contraception) Intervention. (Martha J. Bailey) 2016-2016. Laura and John Arnold Foundation.
- Longitudinal Intergenerational Family Electronic Micro-Database (LIFE-M). (Martha J. Bailey, C. Hoyt Bleakley Jr., Matias Damian Cattaneo, George C. Alter, Margaret C. Levenstein, Eytan Adar, Nada Wasi) 2015-2020. National Science Foundation.
- Evaluating the long-term effects of four War on Poverty programs. (Martha J. Bailey) 2015-2019. Arnold Foundation.
- Community Care for All? Health Centers' Impact on Access to Care and Health. (Martha J. Bailey) 2012-2018. NICHD.
- Bailey, Martha J., Olga Malkova, and Zoë M. McLaren. Forthcoming. "Does Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X." Journal of Human Resources : 1216-8401R1.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Brad J. Hershbein. 2018. "US Fertility Rates and Childbearing in American Economic History, 1800-2010." in The Oxford Handbook of American Economic History, edited by Cain, Louis P., Fishback, Price V., Rhode, Paul W. Oxford University Press.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Thomas DiPrete. 2016. "Five Decades of Remarkable but Slowing Change in U.S. Women's Economic and Social Status and Political Participation." RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 2(4): 1-32.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Brenden Timpe. 2016. "Hope for America's next generation." Science 352(6286): 661-662.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Andrew Goodman-Bacon. 2015. "The War on Poverty's Experiment in Public Medicine: Community Health Centers and the Mortality of Older Americans." American Economic Review 105(3): 1067-1104.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Nicolas J. Duquette. 2014. "How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity." Journal of Economic History 74(2): 351-388.
- Bailey, Martha J., Olga Malkova, and Johannes Norling. 2014. "Do Family Planning Programs Decrease Poverty? Evidence from Public Census Data." CESifo Economic Studies 60(2): 312-337.
- Bailey, Martha J., Melanie Guldi, and Brad Hershbein. 2014. "Is there a Case for a 'Second Demographic Transition': Three Distinctive Features of the Post-1960 U.S. Fertility Decline." Pp. 273-312 in Human Capital in History: The American Record, edited by Leah P. Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo. Chicago : University of Chicago Press.
- Bailey, Martha J. 2013. "Fifty years of family planning: New evidence on the long-run effects of increasing access to contraception." Brookings Papers on Economic Activity : 341-395.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Sheldon H. Danziger. 2013. "Legacies of the War on Poverty." New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Bailey, Martha J., Melanie Guldi, and Brad Hershbein. 2013. "Recent Evidence on the Broad Benefits of Reproductive Health Policy." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32(4): 888-896.
- Bailey, Martha J., Melanie Guldi, and Brad Hershbein. 2013. "Further Evidence on the Internal Validity of the Early Legal Access Research Design." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32(4): 899-904.
- Bailey, Martha J., Brad Hershbein, and A. Miller. 2012. "The Opt-In Revolution? Contraception and the Gender Gap in Wages." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 4(3): 225-254.
- Bailey, Martha J. 2012. "Reexamining the Impact of Family Planning Programs on US Fertility: Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 4(2): 62-97.
- Bailey, Martha J., and Susan M. Dynarski. 2011. "Educational expectations and attainment." Pp. 133-164 in Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children's Life Chances, edited by Duncan, Greg J. and Richard Murane. New York : Russell Sage Foundation.
- Bailey, Martha J., and William J. Collins. 2011. "Did Improvements in Household Technology Cause the Baby Boom? Evidence from Electrification, Appliance Diffusion, and the Amish." American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics 3(2): 189-217.
- Bailey, Martha J. 2010. "Momma's Got the Pill: How Anthony Comstock and Griswold v. Connecticut Shaped U.S Childbearing." American Economic Review 100(1): 98-129.
- Bailey, Martha J. 2006. "More Power to the Pill: The Impact of Contraceptive Freedom on Women's Labor Supply." Quarterly Journal of Economics 121(1): 289-320.
- Bailey, Martha J., and William J. Collins. 2006. "The wage gains of African-American women in the 1940s." Journal of Economic History 66(3): 737-777.
- PSC Researchers & Trainees presenting latest research findings at PAA 2019
- Bailey explores how economics is trying to fix its gender problem
- Study: Head Start improves kids' lives. But we're still finding out just how.
- Head Start slashes likelihood of adult poverty
- Congratulations to Martha Bailey on being elected to the Executive Committee of the American Economics Association
- Martha Bailey elected to the Board of Officers of the Society of Labor Economists
- Bailey's study linking Pill access to women's wage gains bolsters NYT critique of federal anti-contraception moves
- Martha Bailey among Bloomberg's 'People to Watch in 2018'
- Bailey et al. find higher income among children whose parents had access to federal family planning programs in the 1960s and 70s
- Bailey, Eisenberg , and Fomby promoted at PSC
- Bailey and Dynarski's research on wealth gap in post-secondary education cited in piece on growing inequality in US
- Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in piece on why 2-year tech degrees not best idea for many students
- Bailey and Dynarski's work on inequality in college education cited in piece on Rich Kids of Instagram
- Work by Bailey et al cited in Rolling Stone piece on how birth control has changed America
- Bailey and Danziger's War on Poverty book reviewed in NY Review of Books
- Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in Bloomberg article on growing U.S. inequality
- Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in story on sending teams of poor kids to college
- Bailey finds federally funded CHCs reduced mortality and health care costs for those 50+
- Bailey and Dynarski say women face worse labor market options without college degree
- Bailey's work cited on growing income disparities in college enrollment and graduation
- Martha Bailey and Nicolas Duquette win Cole Prize for article on War on Poverty
- Work by Bailey and Dynarski on growing income gap in graduation rates cited in NYT
- Work by Bailey and Dynarski cited in NYT piece on income inequality
- Bailey says War on Poverty helped the poor on several fronts
- Martha Bailey and Brad Hershbein win 2013 IZA Young Labor Economist Award
- Bailey says we need to embrace successes and learn from failures of War on Poverty
- Bailey says War on Poverty programs are investments in nation's future
- Bailey's work cited on how family planning impacts lives of women, children, and families
- Bailey and Danziger's book cited in Nation story on interpreting the new Census data on poverty
- Martha Bailey wins U-M teaching award
- Bailey and Dynarski cited in piece on why quality education should be a "civil and moral right"
- Bailey and Dynarski cited in NYT story on the growing role of higher education in class divides
- Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in Atlantic story on growing educational inequality
- Bailey's work on the efficacy of federal family planning programs covered in LSA Magazine
- Martha Bailey winner of 2011 IPUMS Research Award
- Bailey's research cited in discussion of impact of family planning programs
- Bailey says women more likely than men to attend college
- Bailey and Hershbein say women's access to pill raised their earnings
- Bailey and Hershbein find women's access to pill raised their earnings
- Bailey and Dynarski's work cited in NYT story on growing rich-poor education gap