Constituency-Level Elections Archive

Civil Discourse

Project Summary

CLEA is an archive of detailed election results at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The primary goal is to preserve and consolidate these valuable data in one comprehensive reference resource that is publicly available at no cost. This archive enables researchers across the globe to improve and expand research on political parties, elections and political institutions. In addition, policy analysts, diplomats, and intelligence analysts may use the data to study the causes and consequences of party system characteristics and to analyze election results. The dataset is available from the project website.


American National Science Foundation (NSF); Taiwan Foundation for Democracy; University of Michigan


Ken Kollman, Allen D Hicken

Project Period

2008 – current

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