Election forensics are statistical methods used to determine whether the results of an election accurately reflect citizens’ voting behavior. These methods rely on the analysis of officially reported election results, and are often conducted at the level of polling stations, precincts or ballot boxes and voting machines. Compared to observational methods, election forensics analyses tend to be more comprehensive, and they also produce estimates of fraud that include information about the confidence of conclusions.
International Foundation for Electoral Systems
Walter R Mebane Jr