Network for Advancing Methodological Research in Longitudinal Studies of Aging
Longitudinal studies of the population near, through and after the retirement stage, such as the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), play an important role in aging research because they provide data from a life course perspective, allowing researchers to make population-level causal inference. Because such data collection is a social interaction between researchers and the population, the methods employed to collect data in these studies need to accommodate societal changes. The aging population in the U.S. is experiencing rapid changes. First, the growing Hispanic and Asian American populations are shifting its racial, ethnic, and linguistic composition . Second, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the aging population reliance on new mobile and video technologies. At the same time, the research environment for population-based data collection has also evolved, with an increased availability of administrative records that can be integrated with survey data and the increased use of modern devices for collecting anthropometric and biomarker data that can complement traditional, self-report survey data. Researchers can capitalize on these naturally occurring trends and shape methodological innovations for future longitudinal studies. For example, as the population has become accustomed to communicating via electronic devices during the COVID-19 pandemic, population-based studies have transitioned from using one interview mode to mixing modes, including web-based data collection and virtual interviewing. Unfortunately, the current methodological research on optimal data collection approaches for aging has several critical shortcomings: there is a notable lack of data on minority subgroups; we do not know the optimal approaches for obtaining consent for administrative record linkage and biomarker data collection; we need methods for combatting increasing rates of attrition; and we lack a methodological research on the use of new technologies for data collection.
We are forming a network of internationally renowned methodological and substantive experts who are actively researching the benefits of new data collection methodologies in response to these societal developments. The network will meet regularly to shape methodological innovations specifically for the measurement of aging populations and design studies that will produce evidence-based best practices for this type of longitudinal measurement. There are a large number of influential longitudinal studies of aging in the field at present that would stand to benefit from this type of coordinated, rigorous methodological investigation of more efficient approaches to collecting longitudinal measures from (and for) aging populations. Via a coordinated international program of training, consulting, thematic working group meetings, and pilot research projects, we intend to set the agenda for methodological research on longitudinal studies of aging and protect NIA investments in population-representative longitudinal studies.
Brady Thomas West, Sunghee Lee, Esther M Friedman, David R Weir, Vicki A Freedman, Sarah Andrea Burgard, Kenneth M Langa