Research Assistant Professor, SRC-Social Envir & Health
As an environmental epidemiologist and with funding from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the National Science Foundation, and Detroit community input, I study how social, economic, health, and built environment characteristics and/or air quality affect vulnerability to extreme heat and extreme precipitation. This research will help cities understand how to adapt to heat, heat waves and heavy rainfall in a changing climate.
I received my BA in Biology from the University of Chicago, with a specialization in Ecology and Evolution. Subsequently, I worked as a research assistant in the Clinical Trials Office at the Karmanos Cancer Institute in Detroit, MI before pursing a Masters in Public Health at the University of Michigan. I completed my MPH in 2008 and then completed my PhD in 2013 in the University of Michigan Department of Environmental Health Sciences, where I was a National Institute on Aging Public Health and Aging trainee. My dissertation focused on associations between high temperatures and hospital admissions and mortality among the elderly as well as sociodemographic and land cover characteristics that modify these associations. In my postdoctoral fellowships, I studied how social and environmental characteristics influence vulnerability to heat-related health effects, using data from longitudinal studies of cardiovascular health in seven U.S. cities as well as state and national records of severe health events.
- Detroit Flooding & Health Pilot Study. (Carina Gronlund, Natalie R. Sampson) 2019-2020. Erb Foundation.
- Causal Mechanisms for Sustainable Adaptation to Adverse Heat and Precipitation Health Effects. (Carina Gronlund) 2019-2022. National Institute of Environmental Health.
- Causal Mechanisms for Sustainable Adaptation to Adverse Heat and Precipitation Health Effects. (Carina Gronlund, Amy Jo Schulz) 2017-2019. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
- Buxton, Miatta A., Carina Gronlund, Noemi Meraz-Cruz, Brisa N. Sánchez, Betsy Foxman, Jorge Beltran-Montoya, Marisol Castillo-Castrejon, Marie S. O'Neill, an, et al. 2020. "Repeated Measures of Cervicovaginal Cytokines during Healthy Pregnancy: Understanding "Normal" Inflammation to Inform Future Screening." American Journal of Perinatology 37(6): 613-620.
- Lanza, Kevin, Brian Stone, Paul M. Chakalian, Carina Gronlund, David M. Hondula, Larissa Larsen, Evan Mallen, and Regine Haardörfer. 2020. "Physical Activity in the Summer Heat: How Hot Weather Moderates the Relationship Between Built Environment Features and Outdoor Physical Activity of Adults." Journal of Physical Activity and Health 17(3): 261-269.
- Gronlund, Carina, Alyssa J. Yang, Kathryn C. Conlon, Rachel S. Bergmans, Hien Q. Le, Stuart A. Batterman, Robert L. Wahl, Lorraine Cameron, an, et al. 2020. "Time series analysis of total and direct associations between high temperatures and preterm births in Detroit, Michigan." BMJ Open 10(2).
- Gronlund, Carina, Lorraine Cameron, Claire Shea, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2019. "Assessing the magnitude and uncertainties of the burden of selected diseases attributable to extreme heat and extreme precipitation under a climate change scenario in Michigan for the period 2041-2070." Environmental Health 18(1): 40.
- Buxton, Miatta A., Noemi Meraz-Cruz, Brisa N. Sanchez, Carina Gronlund, Betsy Foxman, Felipe Vadillo-Ortega, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2019. "Air pollution and inflammation: Findings from concurrent repeated measures of systemic and reproductive tract cytokines during term pregnancy in Mexico City." Science of The Total Environment 681: 235-241.
- Gronlund, Carina, and Veronica J. Berrocal. Forthcoming. "Modeling and comparing central and room air conditioning ownership and cold-season in-home thermal comfort using the American Housing Survey." Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
- Gronlund, Carina, Kyle P. Sullivan, Yonathan Kefelegn, Lorraine Cameron, and Marie S. OíNeill. 2018. "Climate change and temperature extremes: A review of heat- and cold-related morbidity and mortality concerns of municipalities." Maturitas 114: 54-59.
- Gronlund, Carina, Lianne Sheppard, Sara D. Adar, Marie S. O'Neill, Amy Auchincloss, Jaime Madrigano, Joel Kaufman, and Ana V. Diez Roux. 2018. "Vulnerability to the Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient Heat in Six US Cities: Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)." Epidemiology 29(6): 756.
- Ogbomo, Adesuwa S., Carina Gronlund, Marie S. O'Neill, Tess Konen, Lorraine Cameron, and Robert Wahl. 2017. "Vulnerability to extreme-heat-associated hospitalization in three counties in Michigan, USA, 2000-2009." International journal of biometeorology 61(5): 833-843.
- Gronlund, Carina, Antonella Zanobetti, Gregory A. Wellenius, Joel D. Schwartz, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2016. "Vulnerability to renal, heat and respiratory hospitalizations during extreme heat among US elderly." Climatic Change 136(3-4): 631-645.
- Guentchev, Galina S., Carina Gronlund, Richard B. Rood, Caspar M. Ammann, Joseph J. Barsugli, Kristie Ebi, Veronica Berrocal, Marie S. O'Neill, et al. 2016. "Evaluating the Appropriateness of Downscaled Climate Information for Projecting Risks of Salmonella." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(3).
- Gronlund, Carina, Veronica J. Berrocal, Jalonne L. White-Newsome, Kathryn C. Conlon, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2015. "Vulnerability to extreme heat by socio-demographic characteristics and area green space among the elderly in Michigan, 1990-2007." Environmental research 136: 449-461.
- Gronlund, Carina, Sebastien Humbert, Shanna Shaked, Marie S. O'Neill, and Olivier Jolliet. 2015. "Characterizing the burden of disease of particulate matter for life cycle impact assessment." Air Quality Atmosphere and Health 8(1): 29-46.
- Bush, Kathleen F., Cheryl L. Fossani, Shi Li, Bhramar Mukherjee, Carina Gronlund, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2014. "Extreme Precipitation and Beach Closures in the Great Lakes Region: Evaluating Risk among the Elderly." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(2): 2014-2032.
- Gronlund, Carina, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel D. Schwartz, Gregory A. Wellenius, and Marie S. O'Neill. 2014. "Heat, Heat Waves, and Hospital Admissions among the Elderly in the United States, 1992-2006." Environmental health perspectives 122(11): 1187-1192.
- White-Newsome, Jalonne L., Carina Gronlund, Sabrina McCormick, Natalie Sampson, Miatta A. Buxton, Marie S. O'Neill, Linda Catalano, Kathryn C. Conlon, an, et al. 2014. "Strategies to Reduce the Harmful Effects of Extreme Heat Events: A Four-City Study." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(2): 1960-1988.
- Sampson, Natalie R., Carina Gronlund, Miatta A. Buxton, Linda Catalano, Jalonne L. White-Newsome, Kathryn C. Conlon, Marie S. O'Neill, Sabrina McCormick, an, et al. 2013. "Staying cool in a changing climate: Reaching vulnerable populations during heat events." Global Environmental Change-Human and Policy Dimensions 23(2): 475-484.
- Zanobetti, Antonella, Marie S. O'Neill, Carina Gronlund, and Joel D. Schwartz. 2013. "Susceptibility to Mortality in Weather Extremes Effect Modification by Personal and Small-Area Characteristics." Epidemiology 24(6): 809-819.
- Zanobetti, Antonella, Marie S. O'Neill, Carina Gronlund, and Joel D. Schwartz. 2012. "Summer temperature variability and long-term survival among elderly people with chronic disease." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(17): 6608-6613.
- O'Neill, Marie, Carina Gronlund, Ana V. Diez Roux, Daniel G. Brown, Dana Jackman, Michelle Wyman, Xico Manarolla, Shannon Brines, an, et al. 2010. "US local action on heat and health: are we prepared for climate change?" International Journal of Public Health 55(2): 105-112.
- O'Neill, Marie S., Rebecca Carter, Jonathan K. Kish, Carina Gronlund, Jalonne L. White-Newsome, Xico Manarolla, Antonella Zanobetti, and Joel D. Schwartz. 2009. "Preventing heat-related morbidity and mortality: New approaches in a changing climate." Maturitas 64(2): 98-103.
- White-Newsome, J., Carina Gronlund, Daniel G. Brown, M. S. O'Neill, T. M. Sunbury, S. J. Brines, E. Parker, R. B. Rood, an, et al. 2009. "Climate change, heat waves, and environmental justice: Advancing knowledge and action." Environmental Justice 2(4): 197-205.
- Water shutoffs, power failures and other issues leave Detroit vulnerable during heatwaves
- A dangerous future: Climate change, Michiganders' health
- Carina comments on the growing number of reports predicting a host of problems, from infrastructure deterioration to lake algae blooms, in MI if temperatures increase an average 2 degrees over the next 40 years.